The majority of Koi angels being offered for sale were
predominately white, with varying amounts of marbling
and a few yellow/orange dots on the crown or snout.
The "Angel Plague" (virus), virtually stopped the importation
of angels from Europe and Asia. Farm raised Florida
fish seldom lived more than a few days in local shops.
It was at this time that I began to concentrate on raising
Koi, which would be offered for sale to shops in western
New York and southern Ontario, Canada.
1985- Serious work
began on the development of color in the Gold Marble
and Gold Marble Blushing. The best available Gold Marble
stock was acquired and line bred for color.
1986- My best GM's
were crossed into our original Blushing stock. The resulting
Stripeless Gold Marbles produced the foundation for
what was my Extended Color Koi angel line.
and Marine Aquarium Magazine carried a half page advertisement
for "Koi Angels". The Gold Marble Blushing had a new
this period a partnership was formed between myself,
and Steve Rybicki. We created Angels Plus and
ran over 400 tanks while doing every conceivable angelfish
cross. Sales were wholesale, retail, and mail order.
During the partnership and after I left the business,
the goal of developing the Koi angel never diminished.
1987- In order to
see how color genes would react to outcrosses. Our stock
was crossed to a number of different color varieties.
Gold (g/g) and Gold Marble (Gm/Gm) were first, followed
by Blue Blushing (+/+-S/S), Silver Ghost (+/+-S/+),
Black Ghost (D/+-S/+), and Black Blushing (D/g-S/S).
Many of the resulting fry showed improvement in the
amount of orange on the crown. One cross, Koi x Blue
Blushing (Gm/Gm x +/g-S/S),
resulted in two exceptional young fish, one veil and
one standard.. The two would grow to be the foundation
males for future lines. The Koi male pictured to
the left was over four years old when finally photographed.
He is nothing special by today's standards, but in 1987
he was. There was nothing like him.
this time period, we worked with these fish by splitting
them into two separate lines. Line 1C used the Veil
male as its foundation, while Line 2C came from the
Standard male. Both Koi lines were selectively bred
and sold both locally (to retail pet shops) and by mail
order. We were happy with the small improvements to
the overall phenotypes. The biggest stride, however,
was to the percentage of high quality fry in each spawn.
During the early stages of line development, a very
large number of fry were primarily white and black.
By the end of the 1980's almost all fish in any given
spawn showed some degree of orange coloring.
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